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Thursday, February 26, 2015

Rail Budget 2015-16 for exams


Union Rail Minister Suresh Prabhu presented the Rail Budget for 2015-16 on 26 February 2015. Following are the 10 important questions for competitive exams.

1) What is the name of the new public sector undertaking that was announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16 for providing end to end logistics solutions? 
Transport Logistic Corporation of India (TLCI or TRANSLOC)

2) What is the name of the scheme announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16 which allows passengers traveling unreserved to buy a ticket “within five minutes of entering the station? –
 “Operation 5-minutes”

3) The Rail Minister announced intention to set up an innovation council for the purpose of business re-engineering and introducing a spirit of innovation in Railways in the Rail Budget of 2015-16. What is the name given to this council? 
– “Kayakalp”
4) What is the newly announced Toll Free number that was announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16 for security complaints and women safety? 
– 182

5) What is the operating ratio for railways for 2015-16 that was announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16? 
– 88.5% (This is the best operating ratio in last 9 years)

6) What is the new advance booking limit that was announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16? 
– 120 days (earlier it was 60 days)

7) Which institutes has been chosen to design the passenger linen and bedding as announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16?
 – NIFT

8) Which institute was chosen to design user-friendly ladders for climbing upper berths to help senior citizens as announced in Rail Budget 2015-16?
 – National Institute of Design (NID)

9) Satellite railway terminals will be set in how many major cities as announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16?
 – 10 (These satellite railway terminals will try to decongest traffic in railway terminals which are situated in congested central places of cities)

10) Establishment of the Malaviya Chair for research in railway technology was announced in the Rail Budget 2015-16. This chair would be established in which central university? 
– Banaras Hindu University (BHU, Varanasi)

Railway Budget 2015-16: Highlights



Where: Lok Sabha

What: Presented the Railway Budget 2015-16

When: .  26 February 2015

1. Railway Budget 2015-16: Highlights

Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu on 26 February 2015 presented the Railway Budget 2015-16 in the Lok Sabha. In his first Railway Budget, Prabhu outlined a plan to invest over 8 lakh crore rupees over
5 years. The size of the Plan Budget has gone up by 52 percent from 65789 crore rupees in 2014-15 to 100011 crore rupees in 2015-16.

9 thrust areas of the Budget includes

• Indian Railway to become prime mover of economy once again
• Resource Mobilization for higher Investments
• Decongestion of heavy haul routes and speeding up of trains: emphasis on gauge conversion, doubling, tripling and electrification
• Project delivery
• Passenger Amenities Safety
• Transparency & System Improvement
• Railways to continue to be the preferred mode of transport for the masses
• Sustainability
Four goals for Indian Railways to transform over next five years
• To deliver a sustained and measurable improvement in customer experience.
• To make Rail a safer means of travel.
• To expand Bhartiya Rail’s capacity substantially and modernise infrastructure: for this purpose daily passenger carrying capacity will be increased from 21 million to 30 million. Track length will also be increased by 20 percent from 114000 km to 138000 km. Annual freight carrying capacity will be grown from 1 billion to 1.5 billion tonnes.
• To make Bhartiya Rail financially self-sustainable.
Key Highlights of the Railway Budget 2015-16
• No increase in passenger fares
• Passengers can book tickets 120 days in advance instead of 60 days which was available till date
• Outlay for passenger amenities increased by 67 percent
• New train sets that can save 20 percent journey time will be introduced in future. These trains will be similar to bullet trains in design but can run on the existing tracks
• The speed passenger trains across nine corridors will be increased to 160-200 km from 110 km
• SMS alert will be introduced for train timings and under this passengers will be informed in advance the updated arrival or departure time of the trains at starting or destination stations
• Air-conditioned coaches for suburban trains will be introduced
• Wi-fi will be available at 400 railway stations
• Railways Intends to set up an Innovation Council called Kayakalp for Purpose of Business Re-Engineering
• Railways Proposes to set up Malaviya Chair for Railway Technology at IIT (BHU), Varanasi
• Bidding system will be used for redevelopment of stations
• 10 satellite railway stations will be developed in 2015-16
• 800 km of gauge conversion will be commissioned
• E-catering introduced in 108 trains can be accessed by ordering on IRCTC website
• Water vending machines will be expanded on more stations
• On–board entertainment facility will be extended on Shatabdi trains
• General class coaches will see introduction of mobile charging stations
• For benefit of the common man, more general class coaches will be added to select trains
• Pension funds, multi-lateral banks have evinced interest in Railways
• Proposed the best operating ratio in nine years, of 88.5 per cent for 2015-16
• Track capacity will be increased by 10 percent to 1.38 lakh kilometers
• Feasibility report of high speed train between Mumbai and Ahmedabad is expected by mid-2015
• To ease private investment, wagon-making scheme will be reviewed
• All India 24x7 grievances helpline 138 will be started
• Bio-toilets will replace more than 7000 toilets, while 650 stations will get new toilets 
• Passenger travelling unreserved can produce a ticket within 5 minutes and for this purpose Operation Five Minutes will be introduced
• To address complaints of people Mobile application is being developed
• Integrated tickets will be introduced
• Hand-held devices will be introduced for ticket checkers; it is move towards paperless ticketing
• In next 2 years, centrally managed railway display network will be introduced in over 2000 stations
• Rail-cum-road ticket to be extended in many stations
• Rail connectivity will be enhanced in North Eastern states
• To aid expanding freight handling capacity and provide end-to-end logistic solutions, Transport Logistic Corporation of India will be set up
• PPP model will be used to augment resources and generate more employment
• 6608 kilometer of track will be electrified
• 96182 crrore rupees will be spent to expand capacity of 9420 km rail lines
• For women safety, CCTVs will be introduced in selected trains and suburban trains
• Train Protection Warning System and Train Collision Avoidance System will be installed on select routes at the earliest
• Projects for rail connectivity to many ports and mines
• Foreign Rail Technology Cooperation Scheme will be launched in order to achieve the higher quality service

• Programme to improve design, quality and cleanliness of bed linen will be launched within the next six months

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Relaxation in LTC ? Government may allow, to avail LTC every year & include hotel and other expenses.

In order to give boost to the tourism sector, the Budget for 2015-16 is likely to expand the scope of LTA and LTC by including hotel and other expenses besides travel for the purpose of tax benefit.

The Ministry, sources said, it is also considering a proposal to allow employees to avail Leave Travel Concession (LTC)/ Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) every year as against the current practice of two times in a block of four years.

At present, LTA or LTC covers only economy class air travel or first class (AC I Class) rail fare. An announcement in this regard is likely to be made in the Budget to be presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on February 28.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi had earlier expressed his keenness to promote tourism. Experts are of the view that encouragement to the tourism sector will promote development of different regions and create employment opportunities.

"To boost domestic tourism and also provide some tax relief to the individuals, the Leave Travel Concession benefit should be increased to one visit for every financial year," KPMG (India) Partner Vikas Vasal said.

He further suggested that tax concessions should also be made available for stay in hotel may also be covered to help families avail of a holistic benefit.

The LTC/LTA is available to the individual and his family including spouse, two children, parents, brothers and sisters, who are wholly dependent on the assessee.

"There is a huge scope for developing the tourism industry in India which provides direct and indirect employment to millions of people. Therefore, an enhanced tax relief to individuals on LTC will benefit the overall economy," Vasal said.

source : Economic times

Telangana & AP Postal Circle Multi Tasking Staff DR Recruitment for the vacancies 2013 & 2014

Department of Posts, Office of the Chief Postmaster General, Telangana & A.P Circle, Hyderabad has given a notification for the recruitment of 112 Multi Tasking Staff vacancies in various Postal/ RMS Divisions and Administrative offices in Andhra Pradesh Postal Circle. Eligible candidates may apply online on or before 21-03-2015. Other details like age limit, educational qualification, selection process, fee, how to apply are given below



Click the following button, to view MTS recruitment Notification.

www.appost.org




AP Postal Circle Vacancy Details:

Total No. of Posts: 112

Name of the Posts: Multi Tasking Staff

A. Name of the Administrative Office: 12 Posts

1. Circle Office: 05 Posts

2. DA (P), Hyderabad: 02 Posts

3. PSD, Vijayawada: 02 Posts

4. PSD Rajahmundry: 03 Posts

B. Name of the Region: 46 Posts

5. Hyderabad City Region: 12 Posts

6. Hyderabad Region: 09 Posts

7. Kurnool Region: 02 Posts

8. Vijayawada Region: 11 Posts

9. Visakhapatnam Region: 12 Posts

C. Name of the RMS Division: 54 Posts

10. Hyderabad Stg Dn,Hyderabad: 11 Posts

11. RMS Z Dn, Hyderabad: 12 Posts

12. RMS TP Dn Tirupathi: 04 Posts

13. RMS AG Dn Guntakal: 02 Posts

14. RMS ‘Y’ Dn, Vijayawada: 14 Posts

15. RMS’ V’ Dn,Visakhapatnam: 11 Posts

Age Limit: Candidates age limit should be between 18 to 27 years as on 21-03-2015. Age relaxation is applicable as per rules.

Educational Qualification: Candidates should possess Matriculation/ SSC or ITI from recognized Board.

Selection Process: Candidates will be selected on the basis of performance in Aptitude Test/ Exam.

Application & Examination Fee: Candidates should have to pay an application fee of Rs 100/- (Cost of Application form Registration) & examination fee of Rs. 400/- (for OC/ OBC candidates) through “SUNAYASAM” in any Head Post office in Andhra Pradesh/ Telangana States listed in the Annexure. No examination fee for SC/ ST/ PH/ Women candidates. The Fee is to be credited under Sunayasam Head: Postman Recruitment 2015 at the Head Post office.

How to Apply: Eligible candidates may apply online through website www.appost.in on or before 21-03-2015.

Important Dates:

Last Date to Apply Online: 21-03-2015. 

Last Date for Payment of Application/ Examination Fee: 21-03-2015.

Sunday, February 15, 2015

బేటి బచావో బేటి పడావో ప్రచారంలో భాగంగా ‘సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి యోజన’ను ప్రారంభించిన ప్రధాని మోదీ

Who: ప్రధాని మోదీ
Where: న్యూఢిల్లీ, పానిపట్, హర్యానా
What: ‘సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి యోజన' ప్రారంభం
When: 22 జనవరి 2015
Why: బేటి బచావో బేటి పడావో ప్రచారంలో భాగంగా
BBBP campaignభారత ప్రధాని నరేంద్ర మోదీ, 22 జనవరి 2015న బేటి బచావో బేటి పడావో (BBBP) ప్రచారంలో భాగంగా బాలికల కోసం ‘సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి యోజన’ అనే చిన్న జమ పథకాన్ని ప్రారంభించారు.

ఈ పథకం ద్వారా కుటుంబంలోని ఆడ బిడ్డ ఎలాంటి వివక్షకు గురి కాకుండా, మగబిడ్డతో సమానంగా ఆర్ధిక స్వేచ్ఛను మరియు పొదుపు అవకాశాలను పొందవచ్చు. ‘సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి యోజన’ పథకం ద్వారా 10 ఏళ్ల వయస్సు లోపు ఆడపిల్లల యొక్క తల్లిదండ్రులు, బాలిక పేరిట బ్యాంకు ఖాతాలను తెరవవచ్చు.

సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి ఖాతా గురించి
• సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి ఖాతా, 9.1 శాతం వడ్డీ రేటును మరియు ఆదాయ పన్ను రిబేటును అందిస్తుంది.
• సుకన్య సమ్రిద్ధి ఖాతాను బాలిక యొక్క జననం నుండి బాలికకు 10 సంవత్సరాల (పదేళ్ళ) వయస్సు వచ్చే వరకు 1000 రూపాయల కనీస జమతో ఎప్పుడైనా తెరవవచ్చు.
• ఒక ఆర్ధిక సంవత్సరంలో గరిష్టంగా 1.5 లక్ష రూపాయలను కూడా జమ చేయవచ్చు. ఈ ఖాతాను ఏదేని పోస్ట్ ఆఫీసులో గానీ వాణిజ్య బ్యాంకుల శాఖలో గానీ తెరవవచ్చు.
• ఈ ఖాతా ప్రారంభించిన నాటి నుండి 21 ఏళ్ల వరకు ఆపరేషన్ (ఆచరణ)లో ఉంటుంది. అలాగే బాలికకు పెళ్లి వయస్సు అయిన 18 ఏళ్ల వరకు కూడా ఖాతాను నడుపుకోవచ్చు.
• బాలికకు 18 ఏళ్ల వయస్సు వచ్చిన తర్వాత, పై చదువుల అవసరాల కోసం ఖాతాలోని మొత్తంలో సగాన్ని తీసుకోవచ్చు.

మీ ఆదార్ కార్డు లో తప్పులు జరిగాయా? అయితే సరి చేసుకోండి


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Indian women will struggle to find the right match by 2050

LONDON: Nearly 1 in every 10 women in India will fail to find an eligible partner by 2050, thanks to being educated in a university. An interesting study led by the University of Oxfordsays that a significant proportion of men in India currently marry women less educated than themselves. 

The research theorizes that if public attitudes do not change, whereby university-educated or college-educated men are more desirable spouses than women similarly educated, by 2050 there will be a 'mis-match' in numbers of 'suitable' men and women.
Using this premise, researchers' model suggests the proportion of never-married women aged 45-49 will go up from 0.07% in 2010 to nearly 9% by 2050, with the most significant increase experienced by university-educated women. 

There would also be a rise in the percentage of unmarried men, particularly amongst those with little education. Existing population projection data (from the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis and Vienna Institute of Demography) shows that by 2050 there will be around 92 men for every 100 women aged 25-29 with a university education, as compared with 151 men for every 100 women from the same age group educated at university in 2010. 

The paper suggests that if projected marriage patterns were solely focused on the age-sex structure of the future population in India, men rather than women would have a problem finding suitable marriage partners by 2050. However, once education is factored in, the pool of suitable marriage partners for women shrinks -- if current eligibility criteria apply to future populations.
For men, the percentage unmarried at the age of 50 also rises from 1.4% in 2010 to 5% by the age of 50, with the least educated likely to have the most trouble finding a wife. 

"Marriage is an almost universal institution for men and women in India today. But by 2050, women could find it more difficult to find an eligible partner, particularly if they have been educated at university or college level. The fact that the number of women with higher education is growing is a success story for India," said lead author Ridhi Kashyap whose study has been published in the journal, Demography. 

Kashyap added "This research is suggesting that in India, families might need to revise their views on the suitability of potential marriage partners". 

The study involved researchers from the University of Oxford; the Center for Demographic Studies, Barcelona and Minnesota Population Center, USA. 

They harmonised existing data on current marriage patterns by age and education and applied these to population projections on the likely age, sex and educational attainment of the population in India by 2050 to develop scenarios for future marriage patterns. 

There is huge social pressure in India for men and women to get married. The researchers analysed data from the National Family Health Survey for India (2005-06) and the India Socio-Economic Survey (1999, 2004) that show less than one per cent (0.6%) of all women and 1.2% of all men remain unmarried by the age of 50. 

More than half (54.4%) of the marriages in which the groom went to university involved brides schooled to primary or secondary level. Just over one quarter (26.6%) of women who had completed university 'married down', choosing less educated spouses, with most female graduates (73.4%) having husbands of a similar educational background. The (mean) average age for getting married the first time was just under 25 for men and just under 20 for women, with men around four years older, on average, than their wives, according to the data. 

Previous academic literature has suggested that men in India could be short of potential wives mid-century due to the skewed sex ratios at birth in India's population. This is the first time that academic research has also taken into account the effect of education, as well as expected changes in the age-sex structure for future marriage patterns in India. 

Ms Kashyap said "In contrast to the East and Southeast Asian experience where non-marriage has become much more common, marriage in India remains universal. Traditional roles and expectations for women and men in India persist despite the significant social and demographic changes witnessed in recent years. This research shows that the rigid social structure still experienced in India will need to adapt". 


- The Times of India