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Thursday, September 3, 2015

Central employees may cheer for higher bonus this year


After long times Central Govt. employees are going to get higher amount of bonus this year. Earlier, the ceiling for bonus was Rs 3500 per month. From this year, the ceiling is going to be increased to as high as Rs 10,000 per month. In a letter from Secretary, Ministry of Labour and Employment, Mr S. Agarwal conveyed this good news to Sri Vijesh Upadhyay, Genl. Secy., Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangha.





NATIONAL INSURANCE TIE UP WITH POSTAL DEPARTMENT FOR PMBSY :-









The National Insurance Company, on Monday, signed a memorandum of understanding with the Department of Posts for marketing of insurance policies under the Pradhan Mantri Bima Suraksha Yojna. The scheme will initially be across 800 head post offices all over India, the company said in a press release. According to Rajesh Aggarwal, CMD, National Insurance, around seven crore enrolments have been done by all companies, of which, two crore enrolments are from poorer sections of society. National Insurance has enrolled almost half of total enrolment (around 3.5 crore), it said in a release.

Wednesday, August 19, 2015

Dawn of a new era: RBI Granted Payment Bank Licence to Postal Department



 
 
 
 
 
 









The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday allowed 11 business houses, including Reliance Industries, the Aditya Birla group and leading telecom companies Airtel and Vodafone to start payments banks.

Bharti Airtel and Reliance Industries had earlier tied up with Kotak Mahindra Bank and State Bank of India, respectively, for payments bank operations.

The Reliance-SBI payments bank has an ambitious plan to cover 250,000 villages and 5,000 towns in three years. While it plans to start with a Rs 100-crore capital base, this will be ramped up to Rs 400 crore in three-four years, depending on business volumes.

NEW BANKERS ON BOARD
  • Reliance Industries
  • Aditya Birla Nuvo
  • Vodafone
  • Bharti Airtel
  • Department of Posts
  • Vijay Shekhar Sharma (CEO of One Communications, which runs PayTM)
  • Cholamandalam Distribution Services
  • Tech Mahindra
  • National Securities Depository Ltd
  • Fino PayTech
  • Dilip Shanghvi (Sun Pharma promoter)
“This partnership brings together the combined strengths of two of India’s Fortune 500 corporations committed to making a transformative impact on India's financial inclusion landscape. We see this licence as an opportunity to promote financial inclusion,” said SBI Chairman Arundhati Bhattacharya.


The Department of Posts and Aditya Birla Nuvo, both unsuccessful in race for universal bank licences last year, succeeded this time. Welcoming RBI's decision to announce payment banks, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley called the move a significant one. He said it will bring in more money into the system and spread the reach of banking to rural areas. “RBI giving payments bank licences is a significant and important step. Payments banks will reach out to people in rural areas.”

A finance ministry official who did not wish to be named said: "We believe that private players are better equipped to start payments bank operations."


Vijay Shekhar Sharma, chief executive of One Communications (which operates fast-growing mobile wallet company Paytm), and telecom major Vodafone were also among the successful candidates. The other applicants that received RBI's approval for rolling out payments banks were Sun Pharma promoter Dilip Shanghvi (who had applied in his own name, and not as Sun Pharmaceutical Industries), information technology (IT) firm Tech Mahindra, payments technology provider Fino PayTech, financial services provider Cholamandalam Distribution Services, and National Securities Depository Ltd (NSDL).

said it would partner Mahindra Finance for payments bank. “This will allow both the digital and physical aspects of business to come together. Technology is breaking barriers and creating opportunities for new business models to emerge,” said Tech Mahindra Chief Executive & Managing Director C P Gurnani.

ON COURSE
What payments banks can and cannot do
CAN
  • Accept demand deposits from individuals, small businesses and other entities
  • Hold a balance of up to Rs 1 lakh per individual
  • Set up branches, ATMs, correspondents; issue debit cards; offer internet banking
  • Accept remittances to be sent to multiple banks, or receive remittances from them
  • Distribute mutual fund products, insurance products and pension products; undertake utility bill payments
CAN'T
  • Accept NRI deposits
  • Issue credit cards
  • Set up subsidiaries to undertake non-banking financial services activities
  • Offer other financial/non-financial services of promoters along with payments bank services
Norwegian telecom giant Telenor has also entered into a deal with Dilip Shanghvi and infra financier IDFC to venture into the payments bank space. “We believe payments bank facilities are a step in the direction of enabling last-mile connectivity to consumers,” a joint statement from Shanghvi and Telenor said.

Payments banks will mainly deal in remittance services and accept deposits of up to Rs 1 lakh. They will not lend to customers and will have to deploy their funds in government papers and bank deposits.

These entities, which are required to have an initial capital of Rs 100 crore each, will have to start operations within 18 months. The promoter's minimum initial contribution to equity capital will have to be at least 40 per cent for the first five years.

This is for the first time in the history of India's banking sector that differentiated licences are being given out by the central bank for undertaking specific activities. RBI is expected to come out with a second set of such licences - for small finance banks - and the process for those is in its final stage. The move is seen as a major step in pushing financial inclusion in the country. Bringing more people into the formal banking system has been a stated objective of both RBI and the government.

By granting 11 banking licences in one go and promising that licences will be offered 'on tap' after gaining experience from the current exercise, the central bank has also shed the tag of being conservative. The time taken to give these licences was lowered; the process was completed within a year, compared with four years for universal banking licences given out last year.

The 11 candidates for payments bank licences were chosen from among 41 applicants, after applying fit-and-proper criteria, and successful track record in conducting business for five years. An external advisory committee (EAC), headed by RBI board member Nachiket Mor, scrutinised all applications and sent its recommendations.

"The recommendations of the EAC were an input for an Internal Screening Committee (ISC) consisting of the RBI governor and the four deputy governors. This ISC prepared a final list of recommendations for the Committee of the Central Board (CCB)," RBI said in a statement.

The CCB, which met on Wednesday, approved the announced list of applicants.

"In arriving at the final list, the CCB noted it would be difficult at this stage to forecast the likely most successful model in the emerging business of payments. It further noted that payments banks could not undertake lending and, therefore, believed the payments banks would not be subject to the same risks as full-service banks," RBI added.

Among the unsuccessful applicants were the prepaid payment instrument (PPI) providers like One MobiKwik Systems and Oxigen Services. They would be disappointed as the central bank had said in its final guidelines that PPIs would be considered for licences.

RBI, however, kept the door open for the unsuccessful candidates, saying they could qualify in future. "Going forward, the Reserve Bank intends to use the learning from this licensing round to appropriately revise the guidelines and move to giving licences more regularly, that is, virtually 'on tap'. The Reserve Bank believes that some of the entities that did not qualify in this round could well be successful in future rounds," RBI added.
 
Source:  business-standard.com

Friday, July 17, 2015

SSC CHSL (PA/SA EXAM)-GENERAL AWARENESS PREPARATION GUIDANCE

 Disclaimer:- All Information provided in this post are Compiled by A. Praveen Kumar, SPM, Papannapet SO-502303, Andhra Pradesh  for in good faith of SSC CHSL Exam Aspirants. Author of blog does not accepts any responsibility in relation to the accuracy, completeness, usefulness or otherwise, of the contents.

SSC-CHSL exam is conducted for selecting Postal Assistants, Data Entry Operators (D.E.O) & Lower Division Clerks (LDC) for various central Govt. organizations in India. The selection process consists of a written exam followed by skill tests. The merit is based on the marks secured in the written exam and the skill test is of qualifying nature only.

   
    Test Consists of
                                            Questions                Marks
                                     
General Awareness                               50            50
General English                                    50            50
General Intelligence                             50            50
Numerical Aptitude                              50            50


The CHSL written exam is a two hour long, 200 mark objectives type (i.e. multiple choice) question exam in which there are four test sections.

Beware! There is negative marking in CHSL exam: 0.25 mark for each wrong answer. So make your guess

Skill test for Data Entry Operators in CHSL:

In the DEO skill test, you would be given printed passage in English containing 2000-2200 strokes/key-depressions which you have to enter in the computer within 15 minutes. You would be judged based on how many correct entries of the key depressions you made.

As said, this is of qualifying nature only – you just have to reach the threshold level of 8,000 Key Depressions per hour i.e. in 15 minutes, you have to make 2,000 correct key depressions.

Typing Test for LDCs in CHSL:

It is almost similar to above – but here you can take the test either in Hindi or in English. In the typing test for LDCs in CHSL, you would be given a text passage, which you have to enter correctly in 10 minutes. The speed will be judged based on how many words you could correctly type on the computer.

This again is qualifying nature only – you just have to reach the threshold level of:
1.0) If you take the test in English: 35 words per minute (10500 key depressions/hour).
2.0) If you take the test in Hindi: 30 words per minute (9000 key depressions/hour).

A proper strategy is necessary to crack any competition exam. You need to concentrate on minor details because every second matters in such tough competitions.

GENERAL AWARENESS

Now Strategy begins with proper understanding of syllabus and planning and ends with your responses on the OMR sheet.

General Awareness is an Integral part of most of the competitive exams and it Comprises of current finance and economy, Geographical, social, cultural aspects at national and international level. The fact that makes it a challenge to prepare is its unlimited range of questions. 
 
General awareness is considered a big challenge by the aspirants due to is large range of questions. It is believed that you cannot prepare it completely as there are so many things happening around and you can’t remember them all. I am receiving many mails from aspirants asking how to tackle this big hurdle. The solution is simple, Stay Updated!!

Although we accept it is challenging but it may be a great decider of your success if prepared properly

The General Awareness questions don’t take any time to solve. You only have to read and Mark. There is no calculation that you have to do (And very minimal, if any!!). So you may attempt this section in 10 minutes without much effort and it’s highly scoring also. It saves precious time to go for other time-taking sections. So I advise you to go for General awareness first as people normally complain about not being able to attempt this section due to lack of time. It's a common reason of failure for many people that although they were able to score exceptionally good in other sections but they were unable to even attempt general awareness. So attempt general awareness first!!

General awareness cannot be prepared in a single day. It has to be done daily for some time. Make it a habit to keep you updated. If done properly, you'll surely gain a deciding edge over competitors and will easily pass through. So the preparation should be started well in advance.  akulapraveen.blogspot.com

SSC CHSL GK Syllabus (50 marks).

General Knowledge - Questions on current events, Sports, History, Geography, Basic economics, General politics, Indian Constitution, Science environment etc. 
Questions in this component will be aimed at testing the candidate’s general awareness of the environment around him and its application to society. Questions will also be designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of every day observations and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of any educated person. The test will also include questions relating to India and its neighboring countries
While going for any competitive exam, before you start preparing  have a through look on exam structure and syllabus. For Example: For IAS exam, you have to be a master in General Studies.
Keep one thing in mind, you are not preparing for IAS exam and GK is just only of 50 marks and requires knowledge of History, Polity, Geography, Science, Current Events and Economics. Once again From SSC CGL point of view, don´t give so much time to GK. Use smart approach and devote your quality time to Mathematics and English.

If you take a look at previous SSC papers, you will find that most of questions have been asked from Static+ Science 

Static: Static means simple questions based on History, Polity, Geography from NCERT text books.

Science:  Science questions from NCERT text books. Up to 10th
Current Events:  Person in news, books published, Summits, Awards

While preparing for GK(SSC) keep one thing in mind, you will give most of time preparing for STATIC + SCIENCE part. New comers waste most of time in memorizing facts and other irrelevant data that come in magazines.

Most of static questions are from Indian Polity & Indian History not from World History, basic question are asked in Economics which are based on current events, some questions in economics are definition based and these question should not be attempted because they are not beneficial from cost of time point of view.

Current Events / Affairs:
There is always something happening in this bloody big world so it’s not easy to stay updated with all the latest affairs all the time. We need to strategize our plan of action to prepare it accordingly; otherwise it will be tough nut to break for sure. In every second some issues are happening around the world in these sectors, and to accumulate the excerpt of some highlighted news, and memorize it is a good plan to prepare current affairs and GK.

So, how to prepare the current affairs? akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Go to Govt. library, read Daily News Paper (The Hindu, Indian Express or The Times of India) whatever competitive magazine you get (CST, Pratiyoigta Kiran / Darphan, Chronicle, Wizard) and note down important names/details

But keep in mind that all such magazines provide too many details/ball by ball commentary  you just need to maintain a brief MS word file / Dairy or containing important events/names/awards/mascots/venues only. Otherwise it’ll become very difficult to revise entire content from original source on the night before the exam.

Many of us are always confused about following questions:
akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Which newspaper to read? , Which books or magazines to read?

Is monthly magazines are enough?, and most important How to read newspaper ?

Before going to read any book, magazine or newspaper, it is most important to collect previous year papers of SSC CHSL exam and make your own analysis that what type of questions are being asked. It is must before any study plan.

Because the local newspapers give only the "hot-shot" news of politics, cricket and Bollywood and exams are not asking much about it. So i prefer "The Hindu". If not possible then Indian Express. 
Following things are extremely important to read in newspaper

Recent developments in the field of Science and Technology like satellite launches, vaccine development, defence deals, new diseases, Computers, Hybrid Seeds, Solar Energy etc akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Environmental issues are given high importance and developments like important summits and their outcomes, global warming, carbon dump, carbon trading, environment-affecting projects like Dams, nuclear plants (Kudankulam protests), pollution should be regularly looked into. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

In Polity, important judgments of social or national or economic importance should be regularly tracked. land acquisition bill,Nirbhaya Chattam, Food Safety bill etc


Keeping track of all the important economic data like growth rate, inflation, exports and imports, as well as current economic issues like slowdown, global economic crisis, FDI in retail, RBI policy, big players and the companies owned by them, PSU's activity –its heads, Govt.'s policies, budget etc

Sports events like tennis grand slams, cricket, Indian achievements in Olympics, world cup’s etc. Remember to go beyond cricket and read about other sports as well.

Awards and honours from within India as well as from outside India like Magsaysay awards, Khel Ratna, Nobel Prizes and so on. Winners of Booker, Pulitzer, Miss World / Miss Universe. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Persons in news those that might have received some honor, or have invented something or achieved a personal feat of social value etc. Foreign Prez /PM; chief guest of 26th Jan. Parade, Indian diaspora – especially in USA, chiefs of army-navy-air force, supreme court, various national bodies etc

International Affairs / Important office Holders of World Organizations, OPEC,ASEAN,SAARC etc- if they're meeting then note down where they met and what points did they discuss? Indian Army Exercise with China/US etc

Administration: Administrative reforms, E-gov etc. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Government schemes (NPS, NREGA- and editorials related to it-good things, bad things), DIGITAL INDIA, SWACH BHARATH.

Education related- Deemed univ etc.

How to Prepare for History

What to prepare from History: Major preparation should be done from Medieval India to freedom of India. As per my opinion it is better to concentrate on Modern Indian History

While studying don´t overload your mind by memorizing dates. Questions will be asked from major events and major persons. As every person has limited amount of memorizing capacity, you will have to forget something for something new. So use your memory smartly.

Try to understand and co-relate the events in Indian History and try to make relationship with your life. Its your duty to create memory link up with the events.


REFERENCE BOOKS

For Indian history and culture refer NCERT books from class 7 to 10, Indian history (Arihant) or lucent G.k etc.

Medieval Indian History:

1. Important Wars (who fought with whom, when and what was the result + some of them are from ‘modern history’)

Two Tarai battles, Three Panipat battles, Three Anglo Maratha wars, three Anglo-French wars, Two Anglo-Sikh wars, Plassey, Buxar, Bedera, Burmese, Afghan

2. Delhi Sultanate: Qutubuddin Aibak, Iltutmish, Razia Sultan, Balban , Alauddin Khilji and his policies, Mohd. Tuglaq and his speciality, Firoz Shah Tughlaq and his policy, Sikandar Lodhi, Ibrahim Lodhi. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

3. Mughal and their policy / work/ constructions, Babar, Humayun,Sher Shah (although not a Mughal), Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurungzeb

4. Maratha: Shivaji, his administration and the three Anglo Maratha wars

5. Culture: South India Temple and features: Gopuram, Garbhagriha, Hoysala temple etc.

6. Poets-patron kings, main books, Mosques, tombs, gates, forts etc.: where are they located and who built them?

7.Travelers (incl. Ancient) + envoys: mainly Megasthenes, Fa-Hien, Al-Baruni, Huien Tsang, Marco Polo, Ibn Batuta, Nicolo Conti, Wiliam Hawkins, Thoms Roe, Tavernier, Bernier. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

8. Religion: Bhakti saints, Sufi Saints particularly Khwaja Muinuddin Chisty, Sikhism, Gurus particularly Nanak, Arjan Dev and Gobind Singh

Modern Indian History

1.Entry of Europeans: where did they setup factory and under whose rule? + their conflicts with Native rules (e.g Siraz-ud daula, Tipu Sultan)

2.Important Gov.Gen/Viceroys and their policies ,

Hastings, Cornwallis, Wellesley, Bentick, Metcalfe; Aukland; Hardinge (each of them only did 1 or 2 imp things), Canning, Mayo, Lytton, Ripon, Landsdown. Curzon, Minto, Chelmsford

The Viceroys after Chelmsford should be prepared with focus on how they handled Gandhi and Partition of India: akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Irwin, Willingdon, Linlithgow, Wavell, Mountbatten,C. Rajagopalachari (only the fact that he was 1st
 and last Indian governor general of free India)

3.Revolts :     1857

Peasant revolts and their leaders+reasons: mainly Indigo, Deccan, Ramosi, Chamran, Kheda, Moplah, Tebhaga, Telengana and Eka

Tribal revolts and leaders+reasons: mainly Rampa, Munda, Naga and Tana Bhagat. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Others mainly Sanyasi, Pagal Panthi and Kuka

4.Culture:
Books and authors (Dadabhai, RC Dutt, Gandhi, Bankim etc)

Newspaper-language-owner akulapraveen.blogspot.com

various org. and their founders: Mainly Brahmo, Sadharan Brahmo, Namdhari, Radha Swami, Arya Samaj, Prarthana, Deccan Edu., Theosophical, Ramkrishan Mission, Servents of India, Purna Seva Sadan, Satya Sodhak, Aravipuram, Justice party, Bahishkrit Hitkarini, Self-Respect, Harijan Sevak, Derozio, Tattvabodhini, Wahabi, DEoband, Aligarh,

Reformers: Roy, Vivekanand, Sahjanand, Saraswati, Kesab Chandra etc.

Education reform: Hunter, Sadler, Macaulay and Sargeant

5.Freedom Struggle :

Congress, GK related to Congress Sessions: prominent chairmen, resolution etc.

Moderate, Extremist and their leader, Surat Split

Swaraj Party, Nehru Report. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Congress Ministries vs Muslim League

Revolutionaries: org.-leaders-members and conspiracy-cases + INA and its trials + RIN munity akulapraveen.blogspot.co

Home Rule Besant and Tilak and Lucknow Pact

6. Gandhi:

Champaran, A’bad, Kheda;NCM, Khilafat, CDM, QIM akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Gandhi-Irwin, Gandhi-Amebedkar, Gandhi-Bose

Reforms:
 Morley Minto; Montague-Chelmsford

Thuggary:
 Rowlett, Jalliyanwala, Simon, RTC, Communal award

Acts:
 1909, 1919, 1935 and 1947;

Partition related: Linlithgow offer, Wavell plan, Cabinet Mission , Cripps Mission.

Geography:

Most of the questions will be from Indian Geography. So don´t prepare for world Geography.

Use NCERT books for proper concept building and finally use LUCENT GK for quick revision of facts.akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Indian Geography

1. Some Geographical Facts of India

Climatic conditions in India- Major Seasons of India

2. Major Solis of India- Forest types and their distribution

3. Mountain, Plateaus, Deserts

Which states do they cover (e.g Khasi-Garo-Jantia hills)
highest peaks. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Mountain passes (Nathu-la etc.)

Which of them are young mountain/fold mountain etc.?

4. Rivers / Lakes / Waterfalls

Where do they start? , Which states do they cover?
In which sea do they end?, list of their tributaries

Any water fall?, Any dams? If yes then which states get benefit from it?

Any national inland waterway on them?, Major Lakes, Reservoirs

5. States:

Administrative, CENSUS-2011
 related GK (highest-lowest in literacy, sex ratio etc.) + State with maximum ST population in absolute numbers and in percentages. etc.akulapraveen.blogspot.com

State capitals (especially for North East); where is state high court; in case of UT/islands which HC has jurisdiction (under polity), do they come under 5th
 or 6th schedule (under polity)

 border: with neighboring states and countries; state with largest area, longest coastline, max no. of district

 Soil-crop-cropping seasons 
– Agriculture Pattern- Major producers of crops

 Trade and Transport- Major Highways of India- Railway Zones

6.Mines/minerals (only the very prominent names. don’t go in all details)

7.Famous industrial / handicraft cities

8. Towns of export excellence (especially those recently added)

If it is a costal state: name of major ports?
Any famous airport? akulapraveen.blogspot.com

National highway: shortest and longest
9.Culture
Any important fairs / cultural events-dances/festivals?

Famous tourist places hill stations, temples, monuments, mosques, minar, caves etc?

Any sites included in UNESCO world heritage list? (use google)

Environment, Any biodiversity hotspot?

Any famous wildlife parks / sanctuaries?

Any rare species found?   Any place famous for migratory birds?

Physical Geography:

Universe: basics of planets-their moons, asteroid, comet, stars etc. (just do high school level coverage, don’t put lot of time here on individual planet)

Layers of atmosphere: their sequence, uses (Ionosphere, stratosphere etc)

Layers of earth-core, SIAL, SIMA, discontinuity.akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Main terms associated with volcanos and earthquakes

Longitude, latitude, timezone, coriolls effect. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Climate: how altitude, distance from sea affect temp.; axis-tilt-seasons-day n night; albedo, ozone, aurora

Types of soils and rocks- what crops/minerals do they have

 Major Grasslands of the world / Deserts/ Lakes / Waterfalls/ straits

Polity: 
Advantage of Polity Section in General Studies-Getting all correct answer in polity is not that hard as getting the same in History/Geography / Current Affairs because most of the data follows a logical pattern. So revise it a lot and make polity your strong point for G.S.


Important Topics to Prepare in Polity. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

History of Constitution, Constitutional developments, Preamble, Barrowed features of Constitution,

Articles- you don’t have to remember all articles numbers in Constitution – but only imp articles numbers- like appointment, powers and removal of things (like President), budget , parliament etc. akulapraveen.blogspot.com


Schedules of Constitution, the Union & its territory, Citizenship.

Fundamental Rights: This is considered as the most important aspect of our constitution. Go through all the Fundamental Rights (FR) many times over until you grasp the essence of each FR. Also try to remember which article corresponds to which FR and what the provisions are therein. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Directive Principles: After the FR’s these are a very important part of the Constitution and you should try to remember the main provisions of the important DPSP’s by heart. This does not mean rote the exact sentences; rather know what the article is about. For instance Article 44 talks about a Uniform Civil Code across the territory of India.

The Union Executive, The Council of Ministers, Prime Minister, The Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Union Legislature (Parliament), Centre - State Relations,

Judiciary- Supreme court/High court jurisdiction and writs

Public Service Commissions, Elections, Emergency Provisions and Amendment of the Constitution: Each of these chapters is again very important. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Amendments and Schedules: You should know the important amendments of the constitution, the year in which the Act was passed along with their important provisions. The two most important amendment acts are the 42nd and 44th passed in 1976 and 1978 respectively.

73rd and 74th amendments implementation, welfare provisions for SC/ST/OBC, Human rights/women/minorities SC/ST commissions and SC/ST atrocities act.


Special status of Jammu & Kashmir, National Human Rights Commission, National Symbols, Chief Election Commissioners of India, Reorganization of States, Prime Ministers of India, Chief Justices of India, Speakers of Lok Sabha, Women CM's of India, Women Governors in India, Finance Commissions of India


The importance of Nirbaya Chattam and food ordinance. akulapraveen.blogspot.com



The importance of newly appointments like C&AG, Election Commission, Supreme court Chief Justice, Uppsc, Appsc Chairmen,…etc


Use "Comparative Reading" Example when you read polity — do it in following routine

Read President 
— then read governor

Read PM, then read CM

Parliament and then State Legislature

Supreme Court and then High court and so on.

Science and Technology:


By the Science questions, your basic Ability to solve Science related general questions and your awareness with the development of the day to day life based on science are judged and to check how accurately you can apply your knowledge of science in the practical life. For this you need not to do any special study on Science, neither need you to have a Science background. Questions are generally on the School level. You need to polish up your School level Science. Studying and practicing the NCERT school books from class 6 to class 10 is very helpful.akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Best way to Prepare General science is to refer NCERT science books from class 7 to 10.you can also buy Lucent's General science.

Biology:

Cell structure, living organisms classification, life processes of plants and animals (nutrition, digestion, respiration, circulatory system, blood, excretion), control & coordination(nervous system, eyes, ears),endocrine system & reproduction, digestive enzymes, hormones, vitamins, infectious diseases, natural resources management(air, water, soil pollution, wetlands, forestry, wildlife)applications of biology(plant breeding, animal breeding, pesticides, bio fertilisers, biotechnology, stem cells),Institutions of National importance.akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Chemistry: 

Physical and chemical changes, Atoms and molecules, Acids, bases and salts, metals and non metals, fibers, periodic table classification ,carbon compounds(hydrocarbons, polymers),bio molecules(carbohydrates, proteins, fats),nuclear fission, nuclear fusion, breeder reactors, metallurgy.

All the above topics are the areas one need to look into but the scope of questions in exam may or may not be limited to above topics.

Physics: 

Force & pressure, Friction, gravitation, solar system, mechanics(newton laws, centripetal, centrifugal forces, projectiles, angle of banking, potential & kinetic energy),liquids(capillarity, surface tension, viscosity),Sound, Heat, light, Electricity, Magnetism, satellites, modern physics (atomic energy, radio activity, cosmic, x rays, visible spectrum. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Major scientific Institutions in India and their specialisation, Scientific Instruments and their uses, Scientific Measures.

Space programme in India and its applications with special reference to industry, agriculture and other rural development activities, INSAT, IRS system..etc, Space Research and News from India, Space Programme in India AND Nuclear Research in India , Indian Satellites, Launch Vehicles, and Other Space Programmes since 1975:-


Nuclear research and developments in India, Missile system in India, Indian Defence Structure & Weapons, Overview of Indian Defence Structure.

Economy:

What to study in economy?

GDP/GNP/NNP/ Inflation, Budget Process, RBI Policies, Agricultural subsidies, PDS, Food Security, social and poverty alleviation programs. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

To observe the importance of Budget, Sebi, Imf, World bank, Employment, Banking, Sensex, Expenditure, Central plans, Receipts…etc

The importance of Central plans, 12th Plan..etc

And mainly candidates to concentrate the importance details of Banking Sector, Central / State Income Tax details, Budget concept..etc

The importance of Current affairs, Exports/Imports, value of Rupee details…etc

Sports:
 
 
Can be classified into

Static: Who started Modern-Olympics, how many rings, what colors, how many games etc.

Various terms associated with individual sport, various trophies, Grounds located

For team based sports: no. of players in each team, length and width of ground, time limits etc.akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Current

Grand slams- who defeated whom

Cricket: world cup, t-20, under-19 and women’s world cups: who defeated whom in the final match and where was it hosted?; ICC cricketer of the year

Athletics: venues, mascots, winners for

Olympics (summer and winter)

National games, Asiad, Commonwealth

Hockey, Boxing, shooting, wrestling, Badminton, Billiard, Golf, football and chess: main tournament and who won + if any Indian participated.

The importance of Current affairs, Exports/Imports, value of Rupee details…etc

Awards: Rajiv Gandhi khel ratna, Dronacharya, Arjun; ICC cricketer of the year; golden boot for football etc


Summary: 

In the daytime, read for general awareness, in the night after dinner,practice aptitude. Because after dinner, body starts feeling sleepy and brain starts losing concentration. But if you’re moving your hand (by writing the Maths /reasoning sums),then brain has to concentrate. akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Revision is essential for General awareness. Whatever you read – keep a target of revising it multiple times. Otherwise, you won’t be able to recall the exact details in the exam. 

Don’t waste time in day-dreaming, face book, Whatsup, random net surfing, chatting, TV, cricket, weddings of distant relatives/college batch mates etc. Time-pass activities will always be there, but once you cross the age-limit, there is no restart button. (This rule applies to all competitive exams.). akulapraveen.blogspot.com

Avoid piecemeal preparation 

That's all for now friends. Happy Reading

-   Akula. Praveen Kumar, Sub Postmaster, 

Papannapet SO-502110, Andhra Pradesh