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Monday, September 1, 2014

Formation of States in India in chronological order:



1901: North-West Frontier Area (not to be confused with North Western Provinces) split from Punjab.

1902: Name of North Western Provinces and Oudh changed to United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.

1902-10-01: Berar merged with Central Provinces to form Central Provinces and Berar.

1905-10-16: Bengal and Assam provinces reorganized into Eastern Bengal and Assam province and West Bengal province.

1910: Native state of Benares formed by merging a number of smaller fiefs.

1911-12-12: 1905 partition of Bengal was nullified.

1912-10-01: Delhi province split from Punjab; Indian capital moved from Calcutta to Delhi.

1912: Bihar and Orissa province split from Bengal.

1931-02-10: New Delhi officially replaced Delhi as capital.

1932: Aden province split from Bombay presidency.

1935: Name of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh changed to United Provinces.

1936-04-01: Orissa province formed from parts of Bihar and Orissa province, Central Provinces and Berar province, and Madras presidency; remaining part of Bihar and Orissa renamed Bihar; status of Sind division of Bombay presidency changed to province.

1937-04-01: Aden (now in Yemen) and Burma (now Myanmar) split from India as crown colonies.

1947-08-15: Indian independence. The British provinces became part of India immediately. The native states and agencies became effectively independent. Some of them were allowed to decide whether to accede to (merge with) India or Pakistan. Others combined to form new states in the Indian Union, or merged directly with existing provinces. The process was essentially complete when the new Constitution took effect, less than 2 1/2 years later. On this date, Bengal split into West Bengal (India) and East Pakistan; Punjab split into East Punjab (India) and West Punjab (Pakistan); the presidency of Bombay, which had consisted of Bombay and Sind provinces, split, with Sind going to Pakistan; Banaras, Rampur, and Tehri-Garhwal states merged with United Provinces; Central Provinces and Berar became Madhya Pradesh.

1947-10: France ceded its loges, the sites of French-owned factories (trading posts) in Bombay, Madras, and Orissa provinces, totaling 526 sq. km., to India.

1947-10-26: Jammu and Kashmir state became part of India by the signing of the Instrument of Accession. However, Pakistani fighters invaded the area, bringing about a de facto partition which has been in dispute ever since.

1947-11-08: India annexed the native states of Junagadh and Manavadar to Rajputana, even though they had acceded to Pakistan.

1948: Native states merged to form seven unions: Greater Rajasthan (corresponding to an area called Rajputana before independence), Madhya Bharat (also called the Malwa Union), Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU for short), Saurashtra (also called the United State of Kathiawar), Travancore-Cochin, United Deccan State, and Vindhya Pradesh.

1948: 15 native states merged with Madhya Pradesh.

1948: Native states of Banganapalle and Pudukottai merged with Madras state.

1948: 174 native states merged with Bombay, including Baroda, Cambay, Idar, Janjira, Kolhapur, Palanpur, Radhanpur, Rajpipla, Sirohi, and the states of the United Deccan State.

1948: Native states of Dujana, Loharu, and Pataudi merged with East Punjab.

1948-04-15: Himachal Pradesh state formed from 30 former Hill States, including Chamba, Mandi, Nahan, Sirmur, and Suket.

1948-05: Native states of Saraikela and Kharsawan merged with Bihar.

1949-04-01: Native state of Sandar merged with Madras state.

1949-08-01: 24 former native states merged with Orissa.

1949-10-15: Tripura merged with India as a centrally administered area.

1949-10-15: Manipur merged with India as a union territory.

1950-01-01: Cooch Behar state merged with West Bengal.

1950-01-24: Name of United Provinces changed to Uttar Pradesh.

1950-01-26: The Constitution took effect. The divisions of India were classified as follows: nine Part A states, formerly governors' provinces; eight Part B states, formerly native states or groups of states; ten Part C states, formerly chief commissioners' provinces; and two Part D territories. Name of East Punjab state changed to Punjab (India). Greater Rajasthan union became Rajasthan state.

1950-05-02: Chandernagore transferred from French possession to India.

1950-12-05: Sikkim became an Indian protectorate.

1951: Territory in Assam around Dewangiri ceded to Bhutan.

1953-10-07: Capital of Punjab moved to the new city of Chandigarh.

1953-10-01: Andhra Part A state split from Madras.

1954: Bilaspur state merged with Himachal Pradesh.

1954-10-02: Chandernagore merged with West Bengal.

1956: Capital of Hyderabad moved from Kurnool to Hyderabad.

1956-05-28: France ceded Pondicherry to India as a union territory.

1956-09-01: Status of Tripura changed from centrally administered area to union territory.

1956-11-01: States Reorganization Act took effect. The distinction among Part A, B, and C states was abolished. States were reorganized largely on linguistic lines. Andhra Pradesh state formed by merging Andhra with part of Hyderabad. Bombay state formed by merging Kutch, Saurashtra union, and part of former Bombay state. Status of Delhi and Himachal Pradesh changed from states to union territories. Kerala state formed by merging most of Travancore-Cochin union and part of Madras. Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands union territory split from Madras. Madhya Pradesh state formed by merging Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh union, all of Madhya Bharat union but one exclave, most of former Madhya Pradesh, and an exclave of Rajasthan. Madras state lost large areas to other states, but gained part of Travancore-Cochin union. Mysore state formed by merging Coorg and former Mysore states and parts of Bombay, Hyderabad, and Madras states. Punjab state formed by merging Patiala and East Punjab States Union and former Punjab. Rajasthan state gained Ajmer state and small parts of Bombay and Madhya Bharat union, and lost an exclave to Madhya Pradesh. 8,177 sq. km. transferred from Bihar state to West Bengal.

1957-12-01: Naga Hills-Tuensang Area split from Assam as a centrally administered area.

1960-04-01: Madras state ceded 573 sq. km. of territory to Andhra Pradesh in exchange for another territory of 1,062 sq. km.

1960-05-01: Bombay state split into Gujarat and Maharashtra by the Bombay Reorganization Act. Maharashtra also incorporated part of Madhya Pradesh and all that remained of Hyderabad state.

1961-08-11: Dadra and Nagar Haveli, formerly a Portuguese colony and independent since 1954-07, merged with India as a union territory.

1961-12-20: Portuguese India (India Portuguesa, later called Estado da India) annexed by India and became the territory of Goa, Daman and Diu.

1963-12-01: Naga Hills-Tuensang centrally administered area became Nagaland state.

1966-11-01: By the Punjab Reorganization Act, Punjab state split into a smaller Punjab state, a new Haryana state and Chandigarh union territory, and a section which merged with Himachal Pradesh. Chandigarh, formerly capital of Punjab, became joint capital of Punjab and Haryana states and its own union territory.

1968-08: Name of Madras state changed to Tamil Nadu.

1970: Capital of Gujarat moved from Ahmedabad to Gandhinagar.

1971-01-25: Status of Himachal Pradesh changed from union territory to state.

1972-01-20: Arunachal Pradesh union territory, Meghalaya state, and Mizoram union territory split from Assam; capital of Assam moved from Shillong to Dispur. Before the split, Arunachal Pradesh had been the North East Frontier Agency, and Mizoram had been the Lushai Hills district.

1972-01-21: Status of Manipur and Tripura changed from union territories to states.

1972-12-17: A new line of control between India and Pakistan in the area of Jammu and Kashmir took effect.

1973-11-01: Name of Mysore state changed to Karnataka; name of Laccadive, Minicoy, and Amindivi Islands union territory changed to Lakshadweep.

1974-05-27: Capital of Arunachal Pradesh moved from Shillong (in Meghalaya) to Itanagar.

1975-04-26: Status of Sikkim changed from protectorate to state.

1985-07-24: By the Punjab Accord, Chandigarh union territory would eventually merge with Punjab state. This has not yet been carried out, but it remains a live issue.

1986-07: Status of Mizoram changed from union territory to state.

1987-02-20: Status of Arunachal Pradesh changed from union territory to state.

1987-05-30: Goa, Daman, and Diu union territory split into Goa state and Daman and Diu union territory.

1992-02-01: Official name of Delhi union territory changed to National Capital Territory.

1996: Name of the capital of Tamil Nadu state changed from Madras to Chennai; name of the capital of Maharashtra state changed from Bombay to Mumbai.
~1996: Name of the capital of Himachal Pradesh state changed from Simla to Shimla; name of the capital of Kerala state changed from Trivandrum to Thiruvananthapuram.

1999-07-20: Assembly of West Bengal resolved to change the name of the state to Bangla, but this change doesn't take effect until passed by Indian Parliament.

2000-11-01: Chhattisgarh state split from Madhya Pradesh (former FIPS code IN15), as provided by the Madhya Pradesh Reorganization Bill, which passed on 2000-07-31. Chhattisgarh comprises sixteen districts of Madhya Pradesh: Bastar, Bilaspur, Dantewada, Dhamtari, Durg, Janjgir, Jashpur, Kanker, Kawardha, Korba, Koriya, Mahasamund, Raigarh, Raipur, Rajnandgaon, and Surguja.

2000-11-09: Uttaranchal state split from Uttar Pradesh (former FIPS code IN27), as provided by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganization Bill, which passed on 2000-08-01. Uttaranchal comprises thirteen districts of Uttar Pradesh: Almora, Bageshwar, Chamoli, Champawat, Dehradun, Haridwar, Nainital, Pauri Garhwal, Pithoragarh, Rudra Prayag, Tehri Garhwal, Udham Singh Nagar, and Uttarkashi.

2000-11-15: Jharkhand state split from Bihar (former FIPS code IN04), as provided by the Bihar Reorganization Bill, which passed on 2000-08-02. Jharkhand comprises eighteen districts of Bihar: Bokaro, Chatra, Deoghar, Dhanbad, Dumka, East Singbhum, Garhwa, Giridih, Godda, Gumla, Hazaribagh, Koderma, Lohardaga, Pakur, Palamau, Ranchi, Sahibganj, and West Singbhum. Ranchi, formerly the summer capital of Bihar, became the capital of Jharkhand.

2001-01-01: Name of the capital of West Bengal changed from Calcutta to Kolkata.

2006-09-20: Name of Pondicherry union territory changed to Puducherry.

2007-01-01: Name of Uttaranchal state changed to Uttarakhand

2014: Andhra Pradesh splitt into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014.

Facts about GOOGLE"

1. Google receives daily search requests from all over the world, including Antarctica.

2. Google’s Home Page Has 63 Validation Errors. Don’t believe it?: Check Google Validation

3. The Google search engine receives about a billion search requests per day.

4. The infamous “I’m feeling lucky” button is nearly never used. However, in trials it was found that removing it would somehow reduce the Google experience. Users wanted it kept. It was a comfort button.

5. Due to the sparseness of the homepage, in early user tests they noted people just sitting looking at the screen. After a minute of nothingness, the tester intervened and asked ‘Whats up?’ to which they replied “We are waiting for the rest of it”. To solve that particular problem the Google Copyright message was inserted to act as a crude end of page marker.

6. The name ‘Google’ was an accident. A spelling mistake made by the original founders who thought they were going for ‘Googol’.

7. Google has the largest network of translators in the world.

8. Employees are encouraged to use 20% of their time working on their own projects. Google News, Orkut are both examples of projects that grew from this working model.

9. Google consists of over 450,000 servers, racked up in clusters located in data centers around the world.

10. Google started in January, 1996 as a research project at Stanford University, by Ph.D. candidates Larry Page and Sergey Brin when they were 24 years old and 23 years old respectively.

11. Googal is a mathematical term 1 followed by one hundred zeroes. The term was coined by Milton Sirotta, nephew of American mathematician Edward Kasne.

12. Number of languages in which you can have the Google home page set up, including Urdu, Latin and Klingon: 88

13. Google translates billions of HTML web pages into a display format for WAP and i-mode phones and wireless hand held devices.

14. Google uses Page rank algorithm for search, in which each is page is given a weight and pages are weighed based on the maximum no. of views the page has and relevance to the search keyword....

8 Superb Sentences - World

Worlds 8 Superb Sentences

Shakespeare.
"Never Play With The Feelings Of Others Because You May Win The Game But The Risk Is That You Will Surely Lose The Person For A Life Time".

Napoleon.

"The world suffers a lot. Not because of the violence of bad people, But because of the silence of good people!"

Einstein.

"I am thankful to all those who said NO to me It's because of them I did it myself."

Abraham Lincoln.

"If friendship is your weakest point then You are the strongest person in the world."

Shakespeare.

"Laughing Faces Do Not Mean That There Is Absence Of Sorrow! But It Means That They Have The Ability To Deal With It".

William Arthur.

"Opportunities Are Like Sunrises, If You Wait Too Long You Can Miss Them".

Hitler.

"When You Are In The Light, Everything Follows You, But When You Enter Into The Dark, Even Your Own Shadow Doesn't Follow You."

Shakespeare.

"Coin Always Makes Sound But The Currency Notes Are Always Silent. So When Your Value Increases Keep Quiet.

25 AWESOME TIPS FOR BEAUTIFUL LIFE!!!

1. Take a 10-30 minute walk every day. & while you walk, SMILE.
It is the ultimate antidepressant.

2. Sit in silence for at least 10 minutes each day.

3. When you wake up in the morning, Pray to ask God’s

guidance for your purpose, today.


4. Eat more foods that grow on trees and plants and eat less food

that is manufactured in plants.


5. Drink green tea and plenty of water. Eat blueberries, broccoli, and almonds.


6. Try to make at least three people smile each day.


7. Don’t waste your precious energy on gossip, energy vampires, issues of the past,

negative thoughts or things you cannot control.

Instead invest your energy in the positive present moment.

8. Eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dinner like a

college kid with a maxed out charge card.


9. Life isn’t fair, but it’s still good.

10. Life is too short to waste time hating anyone. Forgive them for

everything !


11. Don’t take yourself so seriously. No one else does.


12. You don’t have to win every argument. Agree to disagree.


13. Make peace with your past so it won’t spoil the present.


14. Don’t compare your life to others. You have no idea what

their journey is all about.


15. No one is in charge of your happiness except you.


16. Frame every so-called disaster with these words: ‘In five years,

will this matter?’


17. Help the needy, Be generous ! Be a ‘Giver’ not a ‘Taker’


18. What other people think of you is none of your business.


19. Time heals everything.


20. However good or bad a situation is, it will change.


21. Your job won’t take care of you when you are sick. Your

friends will. Stay in touch.


22. Envy is a waste of time. You already have all you need.


23. Each night before you go to bed ,Pray to God and Be thankful

for what you’ll accomplish, today !


24. Remember that you are too blessed to be stressed.


25.Inform these tips to everyone and help them lead a happier

life…!!!!

Meetings held by 7th CPC (as on 22.08.2014)


Date                                                    Meeting with                         
  16.06.2014 IPS Officers' Association; Representative of Pay Commission cells of Army, Navy and Airforce; Indian Audit and Accounts Service Association; Cost Accounts Association; Civil Accounts Association; Federation of Railway Officers
    17.06.2014                                                   IAS Officers' Association; Central Engineering Services Officers' Association (Water+Power+Architecture); Central Engineering Services Officers' Association (Civil+Electrical+Mechanical+Road Transport+Telecom); Income Tax Officers' Association; Custom Officers Association; Central Excise Officers Association
 18.06.2014  IFS Officers Association; PFRDA; Officers of Department of Financial Services, MOF; Officers of Department of Pension & Pensioners Welfare; P&T Finance Accounts Gr.A Officers Association; IRAS Officers Association; Central Health Service Association
  19.06.2014 Indian Economic Service Officers Association; Indian Statistical Service Officers Association; IFS Officers Association; DGs of CAPFs (BSF+ITBP+Assam Rifles+Sashastra Seema Suraksha Bal); DGs of CAPFs (CISF+CRPF+NSC)
  21.07.2014 Director, IB; Director, CBI; Director, RAW
 22.07.2014  Police Commissioner, Delhi; DG Coast Guard; IOFS Officers Association
 23.07.2014 Bharat Central Pensioners Federation; Bharat Pensioners Samaj; Group ‘B' Indian Information Service Association; Indian Postal Service Officers Association; DANICS Officers Association; Group ‘B' Indian Ordnance Gazetted Officers Association
 24.07.2014  Confederation of Central Government Gazetted Officers Association; National Ex-Servicemen Co-ordination Committee; Indian Ex-Services League
 20.08.2014  Commissioner, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan; Commissioner, Navodaya Vidyalaya Sangathan
  21.08.2014 Physiotherapy Forum; Indian Ordnance Factories Group'B' Gazetted Officers Association
Source:http://www.7cpc.india.gov.in/meetings.html

Sunday, August 31, 2014

EXPECTED DA JAN 2015-AICPIN FOR THE MONTH OF JULY 2014.

No. 5/1/2014-CPI
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF LABOUR & EMPLOYMENT
LABOUR BUREAU
`CLEREMONT’, SHIMLA-171004
DATED: the 29th August, 2014
Press Release

Consumer Price Index for Industrial Workers (CPI-IW) – July, 2014

The All-India CPI-IW for July, 2014 increased by 6 points and pegged at 252 (two hundred and fifty two). On 1-month percentage change, it increased by 2.44 per cent between June, 2014 and July, 2014 when compared with the rise of 1.73 per cent between the same two months a year ago.

The largest upward pressure to the change in current index came from Food group contributing 4.42 percentage points to the total change. The House Rent index further accentuated the overall index by 1.08 percentage points. At item level, Rice, Eggs, Milk, Onion, Chillies Green, Tomato, Potato and other Vegetables & Fruits, Sugar, Tea (Readymade), Pan Finished, Doctors’ Fee, College Fee, Petrol, Rail Fare, etc. are responsible for the increase in index. However, this increase was restricted to some extent by Wheat, Soft Coke, Medicine (Allopathic), etc., putting downward pressure on the index.

The year-on-year inflation measured by monthly CPI-IW stood at 7.23 per cent for July, 2014 as compared to 6.49 per cent for the previous month and 10.85 per cent during the corresponding month of the previous year. Similarly, the Food inflation stood at 8.11 per cent against 5.88 per cent of the previous month and 14.10 per cent during the corresponding month of the previous year.

At centre level, Nagpur recorded the maximum increase of 12 points followed by Ludhiana (10 points). Among others, 9 points rise was observed in 7 centres, 8 points in 3 centres, 7 points in 9 centres, 6 points in 23 centres, 5 points in 14 centres, 4 points in 10 centres, 3 points in 4 centres, 2 points in 4 centres and I point in 2 centres.

The indices of 35 centres are above and other 41 centres are below national average. The indices of Ernakulam and Varanasi are at par with all-India index.

The next index of CPI-IW for the month of August, 2014 will be released on Tuesday, 30 September, 2014. The same will also be available on the office website www.labourbureau.gov. in.


(S.S.NEGI)
DIRECTOR
Source: http://www.labourbureau.gov.in/Press_Note_eng_july2014.pd

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

EPFO retains interest rate at 8.75% for current fiscal


NEW DELHI: Retirement fund body EPFO's trustees on Tuesday decided to retain interest payment on provident fund deposits for 2014-15 at 8.75 per cent. 

"It has been decided to pay 8.75 per cent interest in the current fiscal," Central Provident Fund Commissioner (CPFC) K K Jalan told PTI after the meeting of the Central Board of Trustees (CBT), the apex decision making body of the Employees' Provident Fund Organization (EPFO). 

The EPFO has about 5 crore subscribers and the decision will have a bearing on their retirement fund. 
The decision to retain the interest rate on the provident fund deposits at last year's level was taken despite some protest by the trade union members of the CBT, sources said. 

The final notification for payment of the interest rate for the current fiscal will be issued by the finance ministry later.

The EPFO had provided 8.75 per cent rate of interest on PF deposits for 2013-14, which was higher than 8.5 per cent paid for the previous fiscal. 

Source : TOI

Air India offers tickets for Rs 100

NEW DELHI: Air India will sell tickets for Rs 100 (taxes extra) for five days from Wednesday — which it will celebrate as Air India Day to commemorate the merger of erstwhile Indian Airlines and Air India on this day in 2007.

"On this occasion Air India is launching the Air India Offer for its travellers. Under the scheme tickets will be offered for Rs 100/- apart from all applicable taxes. The sale of these tickets will be made only through the Air India website for five days from August 27 to 31 2014 for travel between August 27 and September 30, 2014, only," an AI statement said.

This is the first time that the airline will be celebrating the Air India Day. A function will be held to celebrate the day and also to award the meritorious employees of Air India.

Source : TOI 

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Best Inspiring Article For Failures


Failure, what would you like hearing about it? Do you know what it means? Do you know why people fail? Do you know what causes them to fail?, well, the answer to all of it is pretty much the same; you know why; because failure is what leads you to success. And this failure will try to curb you into its trap but beware as you might just get away with it.



Every popular influential has failed at least once during his lifetime and perhaps his way to success. The important thing that matters is that they just didn’t give up. Instead, they fought back. Like every ordinary man does, they didn’t. They fought and kept fighting until they were satisfied with their failure. They didn’t repeat their mistakes, nor did they let their faults overcome their determination for success.

Well, nowadays, people think as the end of their life when it comes to struggling. They forget that the moment they give in to struggle they lose their toughness and the spirit to live life. I’d like to remind you all of Thomas Alva Edison. He is widely known as the inventor of the light bulb. To tell you the truth, he had carried out so many failed experiments that once his assistant asked him, “Sir, we have failed that developing a bulb after so many experiments. I think we should give up.” You know what he replied to his assistant’s words? He said, “We’ve been failing so many times because we’ve been using the inappropriate elements in our previous experiments. Those were mistakes we’ve been committing. Let’s just not repeat them now. Now we know what we should not use.”

What does it convey to you? For example, a student tries to solve a math problem. He keeps on practising and practising and on and on. He finally reaches his limit to solve the problem but cannot proceed any further since he is tired of staying focused to the problem. That limit is what enhances your capabilities. It asks you to defeat me so you can test and win against yourself. Albert Einstein once told that, “I am not a special man. I am just curious; I stay with problems longer which is why I succeed.” All you need to develop is the habit of staying with the problems longer and you could win them.

As states a famous proverb, “Take into account a bow and an arrow, before striking into force the arrow is pulled to the bow’s maximum tension. Similarly, life gives us all the pain and failures so that we strive against it and if we do, launches us into what is known as a “successful niche”.

In this world, anyone that you feel is so popular and opulent is because they’ve paid a price for that. They’ve failed and tried and failed and tried, again and again. They’ve gained for their failures.

SMALL SAVINGS – PAMPHLET :