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Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Wishing You a very happy diwali







Tips For Kids to Safe Diwali Celebrations With Fireworks

Diwali the festival of lights brings fun and togetherness. For children fireworks new clothes and sweets make this festival the most eagerly awaited of the year.

Unfortunately injuries from fireworks spoil the fun for many families  and though Diwali is a holiday for most of us fire departments and hospitals around the country are on constant alert to tackle the various mishaps.Each year brings a fresh crop of cases involving loss of eyesight and serious burns and injuries caused by fireworks. Most of these cases involve children.Freak accidents invariably occur when kids are allowed to play with fireworks unattended. The most common reason is wrong handling of fireworks.Parents need to take some precautions to avoid such tragedies. For instance it is extremely important to know the difference between a legal consumer firework and a dangerous explosive device.

The latter can cause serious injury or even death. Both parents and their children need to stay away from anything that is not clearly labeled and does not display the manufacturers name and instructions for proper use.Fundamentally children must understand that fireworks are not toys that they burn at approximately the same temperature as a household match and that they can ignite clothes and cause burns and injuries if used improperly.

Parents must never allow young children to handle fireworks without close adult supervision. Even seemingly harmless sparklers and ¬タリflower pots can be dangerous for very young kids especially to those under age five.Most of these and similar nonexplosive fireworks can create havoc if lighted in busy areas. Rockets can shoot off into non intended directions to injure people and even enter homes to set things inside on fire.

Fireworks Safety Tips For Kids

We often do not realise the potential danger and therefore ignore even the most rudimentary precautions. Caution and proper care can ensure a safe and fun filled Diwali " it all boils down to a few 
simple dos and donts.

Never allow your kids to play with fireworks unattended


DO

Read the instructions and follow all safety precautions instructed with regard to the use of fireworks.

1. Supervise children while they light fireworks.Make sure you buy Fireworks from a licensed shop.

2. Make them light fireworks outside the house.

3. Have them hold sparklers away from the body

4. Keep リflower pots and chakras on even flat ground while lighting them

5. Have them light up rockets only on open ground

6. Ensure proper distance from the fireworks away at a distance while they are lighting them

7. Make sure they are wearing closed footwear and close fitting clothes of thick material instead of loose or flowing garments while lighting fireworks

8. Keep a water bucket and burn ointment or aloe vera gel handy

9. Check the area before igniting fireworks to ensure that no inflammable materials are near

10. Ensure they light only one firework at a time

11. Discard used fireworks in a bucket of water this way you can avoid people from stepping on to and hurting their feet from used fireworks which are thrown on the ground


DON'T

1.  Don't burn crackers in crowded, congested places, narrow lanes, near sources of fire or inside the house.

2.  Don't let children burst crackers unaccompanied by an adult. Keep an eye on them constantly.

3.Don't put fireworks in your pocket. Careless smoking is the leading cause of fire deaths in North America.

4.  Don't dare to examine un-burst crackers.. leave it!! Light a new cracker.

5. Don't show the Dare-devilry of lighting crackers on own hands. One tends to light bombs, by bringing them close to the candle or incense, rather than bringing the incense close to the bomb. Avoid doing such feats, as there are chances of the firework falling on someone passing by.

6.  Avoid long loose clothes, as they are fast in catching fire.

7.  Strictly avoid using matches and lighters for bursting crackers for Diwali as they have open flames that can be dangerous.

8.  Never ignite aerial fireworks (like rockets) if there is any overhead obstruction present like trees and wires.

9. Never ever leave a lit match, agarbatti (incense stick) or sparkler near unused crackers.

10. Never experiment with crackers or make your own fireworks.

11. Avoid bursting crackers on the roads-it could cause a major road accident.

12. Never ever light a cracker while holding it in your hand. See to it that you put it down and then ignite it.

13.   Don't keep your face close to the cracker while trying to light it.

14.  Do not throw fireworks at people.

15. Never give any firework item to small children.

16.   When crackers take time or do not ignite immediately, do not keep in trying to burst them. Move away immediately. Throw some water to diffuse them.

Finally Diwali is a family festival  it should be a source of joy for everyone including kids. But these small but important steps can ensure that the Festival of Lights does not bring darkness into your lives.

Monday, October 20, 2014

TELANGANA & AP CIRCLE POSTMAN/ MAILGUARD MODEL CUM PRACTICE PAPER

This model paper prepared and compiled by Akula. Praveen Kumar, SPM, Papannapet Sub Office-502 303, Medak Division, Andhra Pradesh(9849636361,8019549939)

Disclaimer:All questions/Information provided in this post are Compiled by A. Praveen Kumar for in good faith of Postman/ Mailguard exam aspirants. The types of questions, number of questions and standard of questions may be vary in actual examination. This is my predictions only. Author of blog does not accepts any responsibility in relation to the accuracy, completeness, usefulness or otherwise, of the contents. Utmost care has been taken to prepare the model cum practice paper as per syllabus prescribed by India Post.

This is a practice paper only.


Best of luck to all Postman & MailGuard Exam Aspirants.
                             
                                  



                                    MODEL CUM PRACTICE PAPER



Marks: 100                                             Duration: 2 hours

Instructions to Candidates

1. Answer All the Questions
2. Each question Carries “1” Mark
3. Round off the appropriate choice in OMR sheet










                             

                      GENERAL ENGLISH-PART-C(I)



76. In the following group of words, only one is wrongly spelt. Find the wrongly spelt word

1. Amateur              2.Embarrass                3. Ignorance               4.Millenium

77. In the following group of words, only one is correctly spelt. Find the correctly spelt word

1. Definitely            2. Bureucracy                3. Consenses            4. Questionaire

Directions: 78-79. Choose the correct one word substitution

78. A person who travels to a sacred place as an act of religious devotions

1 Hermit              2. Pilgrim                      3 Saint                         4 Merchant

79. A house for storing grains

1 Cellar              2. Store                        3.Godown                    4. Granary

Directions: 80-81: Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word for the below.

80. INNOCENT

1. Sinful                 2. Guilty                    3. deadly                        4. Corruption

81. EMBRACE

1. Suspect             2 harm                      3. Reject                         4. Hurt

Directions: 82-83: Choose the word which is most same in meaning to the word for the below.

82. FALSE

1. Defective           2. Untrue                  3. Incorrect                     4. Inaccurate

83. EAGER

1. Clever               2. Enthusiastic           3 curious                         4. Devote

Directions: 84-85 Fill in the blanks with suitable form of verbs given in the brackets

84. The bell ___ (ring) and the children are all in the class

1. rang                   2 . Ringing                3. is rang                        4. ringed

85. we____(live) in this farm since 1981

1. were living          2. have been living    3. lived                           4. live

86. Arrange the list of nouns in order of their greatness

word, sentences, letter, paragrapgh, phrase

1 letter, word, sentence, phrase, paragraph

2 word, sentence, , letter, phrase, paragraph

3 paragraph,phrase, sentences,word, letter

4 phrase, paragraph, \sentence, word, letter

87. 'The heading' in writing a letter includes?

1) the greeting                            2) the writer's address

3) the address of the person to whom you are writing

4) the writers address and date

88. Choose the appropriate question to get the reply. I am from Delhi.

1) Where you are from?                2) Where are you from?

3) Where do you from?                4) From where do you come?

89. She saw me. The negative form of the sentence is---

1) She don't see me                    2) She is not seen me

3) She doesn't see me                4) She didn't see me

Directions: 90-91 Ccomplete the sentence by choosing the correct answers

90. An Aeroplane

1. Hoops                 2. Zooms                  3. Swings                4. Chugs

91. A whip____

1. cracks                 2. Roars                    3. rings                    4. bangs

Directions: 92-93. Correct the sentences by checking the underlined word

92. I met a student who hate mathematics

1 hating                  2. hated                       3. hates                  4. will hate

93. Abhinay is senior than meghana by 2 yeras

1. senior to           2. senior as                   3. senior than            4. None

94. choose the correct part of speech for the underlined words

Rama was blind   too 

1. Adjective, adverb    2. adjective, verb     3. adverb, adjective    4. verb, Adjective

Directions: 95-96 Fill in the blanks with appropriate articles

95. I saw ____boy and ____ girl riding on ___ ass

1 A. a,a,a                 2. a, the,a         3. a,a,an          4. the,the, the

96. Sri Lanka is ___Island in ___Indian ocean

1. the, the                2. an,a              3. an, the              4. the,a

Directions: 97-100 Read the following passage and answer the questions

Snake charmers present a very colourful picture, but the reality of their own life is quite grim. They wander in many places displaying yheir skills but due to new forms of entertainment, their earnings have gone down. With a little planning, their skill can be used for their better livelihood. They are very skilled in tracking and catching snakes. They can easily obtain snake poison which is used in the preparation of some medicines. They are also aware of medicinal plants which can be used for providing remedies for snake bite. They can be involved in breeding snakes in captivity to obtain their skins. This will help to check the illegal trade in snake skins for which many snakes are killed. This will prevent cruelty to snakes.

97. What are snake charmers skilled in?

1. in killing snakes                          2 in cooking snakes

3. in catching snakes                      4. in eating snakes

98. How do snake charmers earn their living?

1. By displaying their skills              2 by catching snakes

3. by killing snakes                         4. by begging

99. What type of life do snake charmers lead in the present time?

1. They live a happy life                   2. They live a life of sin

3. They live a hard life                      4. They live like snakes

100. How do we obtain snake skins?

1. By killing snakes                        2.By breeding snakes in captivity

3. By arresting snake charmers       4. By feeding the snakes on milk



 Answers

1- 4, 2-1, 3-2, 4-1 , 5-3 , 6-2  , 7-4, 8-2, 9-4,10-1,11-2,12-4, 13-3, 14-3, 15-4,16-2,17-3,18-2,

19-3,20-2,21-2,22-3,23-1,24-4,25-4,26-4,27-2,28-1,29-2,30-4,31-3,32-2,33-1,34-2,35-2,36-4,

37-4,38-2,39-2,40-3,41-1,42-4,43-3,44-2,45-2,46-4,47-1,48-3,49-3,50-1,51-3,52-4,53-4,54-3,

55-4,56-2,57-3,58-1,59-1, 60-2 , 61-2,62-3,63-3,64-3,65-2,66-2,67-1,68-4,69-2,70-3,71-1

72-3,73-3,74-4,75-3,76-4,77-1,78-2,79-4,80-2,81-3,82-2,83-3,84-1,85-3,86-1,87-4,88-2,89-4,

90-2,91-1,92-3,93-1,94-1,95-3,96-3,97-3 ,98-1 ,99-3 ,100-2


Thursday, October 16, 2014

Postal Assistant Exam Typing & Computer test information

Disclaimer: - All the Information provided in this post are Compiled by A. Praveen Kumar, SPM, Papannapet SO-502303 Medak Division, Telangana State for in good faith of Postal Assistant exam aspirants.  Author of blog does not accepts any responsibility in relation to the accuracy, completeness, usefulness or otherwise, of the contents.



Postal Assistant Exam Typing & Computer test information 


Part-II will be of 100 marks. Time duration is of 30 minutes (15 minutes each for computer typing test and Date entry test respectively)

Part-II will be of qualifying nature with minimum of 40% for OC, 37% for BC and 33% for SC /ST candidates.

The final merit shall be prepared on the basis of the aggregate marks obtained by the Applicants in the Aptitude Test (Paper I) only subject to their qualifying in Computer/Typing test (Paper II). i.e., there will be no marks for Typing/Data entry test. You have to just qualify the minimum criteria in Paper-2 and final merit list shall be prepared on the basis of marks of Paper-I only.
  
Typing Test Pattern: -

Typing test will be divided in to two sections:

1) Computer typing Test:

This test will evaluate Candidate’s Computer typing efficiency. Candidates are required to type a passage in English/Hindi (450 words passage for English& 375 words passage for Hindi) within the duration of 15 minutes.

Typing Speed: - Recommended typing speed for selection is 25-30 words per minute (WPM).

Only candidates opting for Hindi script test will have to give Hindi typing test. It’s upon your personal preference. English typing is considered easier to learn and pass. You can choose either English or Hindi for typing test.

The typing test and test of data entry operations will be conducted on Computer key board but not on type writer.

2) Data-Entry test:

This test will evaluate Candidates data-entry efficiency. Candidates are required to type figures, letters and manuscript data within the duration of 15 minutes.

Typing Speed and Accuracy tests allow you to check a candidate's typing speed and accuracy automatically based on existing documents or documents you create.

Data Entry Speed and Accuracy tests allow you to check a candidate's alphanumeric or numeric data entry speed and accuracy automatically; based on existing forms

Qualifying Criterion & Evaluation Criterion for Paper II:

There were two Tests running on personal computer i.e. Typing and Data Entry test each is of 15 minutes duration.  Marks obtained in Typing and Data Entry test have been added and the minimum qualifying criterion is applied i.e. 40% (40Marks) marks for OC, 37% (37 Marks) for OBC and 33% (33 Marks) for SC / ST for "Qualifying" the computer typing / data entry test.

Example: If an OC candidate scores 23 Marks in Typing Test and scores 18 Marks in Data Entry "Qualifies" with Total Score as 41.
 
 
Evaluation Criterion:-

For Typing Test (in English) Net Speed 30 WPM = 20 Marks. Application software evaluates the Typing test for correctness and speed.

For Typing Test (in Hindi) Net Speed 25 WPM = 20 Marks. Application software evaluates the Typing test for correctness and speed.

For Data Entry Test (English) Applicant is given 50 Alphanumeric Forms each of 50 characters (7 fields) to do the data entry in 15 Mts. Application software evaluates the forms for correctness and speed. Each completely Correct Form scores 1 mark. Twenty Correct Data Entered Forms = 20 Marks. Form’s mark (1) has been equally divided into number of field in that record. i.e. if 3 fields are correct in a Form of 7 fields then the candidate gets 1*3/7=.43 for that Form.
For Data Entry Test (Hindi): Applicant is given printed hard copy to do the data entry using computer in 15 Mts. Correctness and speed has been evaluated manually similar to Data Entry Test (English). 

The passage may contain many difficult words, punctuations, capital words etc. So be very careful while typing.Each word carries equal marks. So if you type 200 words (Every five correct key strokes consist a word) but all correctly then you are considered qualified. Suppose if anybody types with a speed of 30 wpm and completes the entire paragraph but makes lots of mistakes his true speed would not be 30 wpm. It would be the time taken to write the correct words not the wrong words. Hence the speed would drop. Similarly if you only type 200 words (all correct) and leave the remaining, then the remaining would be considered negative. It is my guess and believe it is so. Otherwise how they would judge the speed and accuracy

The below formula is my guess only and not officially announced by India Post. India post not mentioned, how they would judge the speed and accuracy.

1. For typing test, calculation will be like 
net typing speed * 2/3 (or)
net typing speed / 30 (qualification marks decided by examiners) * 20 (minimum cut off).

Net speed in type*2/3= type marks...


Example if net type speed is 36...the 

marks will be 36*2/3=24....and D.E 

marks will be added.

Backspace is allowed until you press space bar.. be 

concentrated.. maintain accuracy.You cannot do 

backspace once you press space bar. so practice 

good and type well.


It will be conducted on some software’s like Typing Master etc...and not on word or excel.

So be very careful while typing. Soon after the computer typing exam your result will be displayed on the computer monitor like your average speed, errors you have done while typing etc.

You can practice computer typing please visit the following web sites





2. For Data Entry, twenty Correct Data Entered Forms = 20 Marks. Form’s mark (1) has been equally divided into number of field in that record. i.e. if 3 fields are correct in a Form of 7 fields then the candidate gets 1*3/7=.43 for that Form.

In data entry exam you will be given data like address, phone numbers etc. Here also the cut off may be around 2500 keystrokes per minute. This test is much easier than the above one. This test mainly concentrates on the speed of number entering without error. After the completion of exam the result will be appeared on the screen.

You can practice data entry please visit the following web sites



Typing tests measure two things, speed and mistakes, so when you take typing speed test, do not look only at your speed, look also at the number of your mistakes and concentrate on reducing your mistakes rather than increasing your typing speed. The end result will be increased productivity.
WPM

WPM is an abbreviation of Words-Per-Minute. Confusingly this does not literally mean whole words, as one might find in a dictionary, but rather word-units.
For speed to be comparable, it must be measured in standard units. In the case of typing speed if we used actual words for the WPM measurement then typing speed test results would not be comparable unless everyone used the same texts for their respective typing speed tests - which would give us the additional factor of memorisation so, the word-units we use are artificial.
One word-unit is five keystrokes. Thus, "typed" is one word-unit, "type on it" is two word-units (spaces count as keystrokes too).
 Typing technique
Make sure you feel comfortable at your computer. Adjust your chair so your arms comfortably reach the table at a 90-degree angle. Make sure your wrists are straight. Sit up straight in your chair with your back resting against the chair. Place both feet on the ground.
Whether you’re taking a typing test, preparation is an important factor in the outcome. The best way to prepare is to work on your technique; sit comfortably and practice tests that are similar to the one you’ll have to take.

 Use All Your Fingers

 Learn how to type using all your fingers – not just your two pointer fingers. Even though you may be able to type quickly with two fingers, you can type even faster with practice if you use all your fingers to do the work. Typing lessons can help you learn which finger to use to type each letter. This memorization can help your brain direct your fingers to the letters you need without requiring you to look at the keys. As you teach your fingers to find the keys, you can look at the screen to see what you’re typing instead of watching your fingers, which will further increase your typing speed.

Avoid Seeing:
Yes, you should not see the keyboard while you type. You should have military level of discipline. Look at the screen or the source paper. After you are familiar with the finger placements you can try this. While riding bicycle, what will you see? The road or the pedals

 Practice a Similar Test


Not all typing tests are the same. You might take a three- or five-minute typing test, or it may be longer. The test might not allow you to press the backspace key. It might be in the form of a game, or it might be a simple paragraph you must read and copy. If you can, find out the format of the timed typing test you’ll be taking. Look on-line for free on-line typing tests that are similar to what you might encounter during your test.

 Keep Corrections to a Minimum


While it’s important to type quickly with as much accuracy as possible, going back to correct mistakes can slow down your typing speed considerably. Practice finding the correct keys the first time so you don’t have to worry about errors. Use discretion when choosing which errors to go back and correct.
The material you are tested on will most likely be something you’ve never seen before. Chances are you won’t have an opportunity to read over the material beforehand. To prepare for your test, practice typing things with which you’re not familiar. Don’t worry about whether you understand what you’re typing; just focus on typing it correctly.
Also, be aware that not all computer keyboards feel the same way. Although it will still be a QWERTY keyboard, which is the standard computer keyboard, the keys may feel a little different when you type on it. They might stick a little more or be a little touchier than the ones on the keyboard you use to practice. Another thing to consider is your surroundings. If you’re not used to typing in different surroundings, it may be a good idea to try out a new location. Doing these things might help you feel more relaxed when you take your typing test.

 Touch Typing

Touch typing is typing without looking at the keyboard. The idea is to teach your fingers the location of each keys. Typing Speed is measured in Words Per Minute (WPM), commonly used in typing test examination and recruitment. For the purposes of WPM measurement a word is standardized to five characters or keystrokes. Therefore, “write” counts as one word, but “understand” counts as two words and blank space also count as one character.

Key ideas
1) Place your indexes on 'F' and 'J'.
2) Use same finger all time to type each key.
3) Don't look at the keyboard, your eyes should always look at the screen
NATURE OF MISTAKES

A. Full Mistakes: The following errors are treated as full mistakes:--
-- For every omission of word/ figure.
-- For every substitution of a wrong word /figure.
-- For every addition of a word / figure not found in the passage.

B. Half Mistakes: The following errors are treated as half mistakes:--
(i) Spacing Errors: Where no space is provided between two words, e.g. ‘Ihope’ or undesired space is provided between the words or letters of a word e.g. hope I have, ‘I hxxave’.

(ii) For every spelling error committed by way of repetition, or addition or transposition or omission or substitution of a letter/letters, e.g. the word
‘spelling’ typed as ‘seeplings’ etc.

(iii) Wrong Capitalisation: Wrong use of capital letter for small letter and vice-versa. (This does not apply to Hindi typewriting scripts).

-A. Praveen Kumar, SPM, Papannapet SO-502303 Medak Division, Telangana State