Saturday, November 16, 2013

List of "Bharat Ratna"-Award Recipients From 1954 Till Date

The  "Bharat Ratna” Award was established on 2nd January 1954 by the first  President of India- Babu Rajendra Prasad along with the following 3 “Padma Awards”:
  • Padma Vibhusan
  • Padma Bhusan
  • Padma Shri
Padma Awards

The “Bharat Ratna” Award is the highest Civilian Award in India. “Bharat Ratna” means “Gem of India”.

Bharat Ratna Award

Bharat Ratna" Award  is  conferred on  Indian Citizens, including resident and non-resident , and also on Foreigners  for the highest degrees of  national services rendered in the fields of:-
  • Art
  • Literature
  • Science
  • Public service of high orders
In the year 2011, the Government of India modified the eligibility criteria for "Bharat Ratna" Award  from the earlier criteria- "for the highest degrees of  national service" to - " "for performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour"- to enable eminent sports-persons to receive the  nation's highest civilian award.

Initially, the” Bharat  Ratna”  award was conferred on only  alive persons and the award was  not intended to be given posthumous.

After January 1955 provision was made for issue of posthumous Bharat Ratna award.

From the year 1954 To 2013, “Bharat  Ratna”  award has been given to 41 Indian Citizens (both Resident and non-resident) and  including the following 3  foreigners:-
    Mother Theresa belonging to the Republic of Macedonia

    Macedonia Flag

    Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan belonging to Pakistan  

    Nelson Mandela belonging to South Africa
      South Africa Flag

      The following is the list of the  “Bharata Ratna”-Award- Recipients  from the year  1954 to the year 2013:-

      Recipients of 1954 (6):

      1.    Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1888–1975)-

      The Second President and the  First Vice President of India, A Philosopher belonging to Tamil Nadu whose birthday is commemorated as “Teachers’ Day”.


      2. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari /Rajaji(1878–1972)- The last Governor General of British India who was also an Indian  Freedom Fighter, belonging to Tamilnadu

      Raja Gopalachari

      3.Sir C. V. Raman ( 1888–1970)- Nobel-prize winning Physicist belonging to  Tamil Nadu

      Sir C.V.Raman

      Recipients of 1955 (1):-

      4. Dr.Bhagwan Das (1869–1958)- A Man of Literature and an  Indian  Freedom Fighter  belonging to Uttar Pradesh

      Dr.Bhagavan Das

      5.Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya (1861–1962)- An Indian  Civil Engineer and Dam Architect,  A Diwan of  Princely state of Mysore Karnataka

      Sir M.Visvesvaraya

      6. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (1889–1964)- The First Prime Minister of India and an Indian  Freedom Fighter and  Writer belonging to Uttar Pradesh

      Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru
      Recipient of 1956: 


      Recipient of 1957 (1):

      7. Mr. Govind Ballabh Pant (1887–1961)- An Indian Freedom Fighter and Home Minister of Indian Union belonging to Uttar Pradesh, now Uttarakhand

      Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant

      Recipient of 1958 (1):

      8. Dhondo Keshav Karve (1858–1962) –An Educationist and a Social Reformer belonging to Maharashtra- Awarded Bharata Ratna in his birth centenary year 1958


      Recipient of1959 &1960: 


      Recipients of 1961 (2):

      9. Dr. B. C. Roy (1882–1962)_ A Physician, Politician and Former Chief Minister of West Bengal belonging to West Bengal

      Dr. B.C.Roy

      10.Mr.Purushottam Das Tandon (1882–1962)- An Indian- Freedom Fighter and an   Educationist belonging to Uttar Pradesh


      Recipients of 1962:


      Recipients of 1963 (3):

      11. Dr.(Babu) Rajendra Prasad (1884–1963)- The first President of India, a Freedom Fighter and a Jurist belonging to Bihar

      Babu Rajendra Prasad

      12. Dr. Zakir Hussain (1897–1969)-Former President of India and a Scholar  belonging to Andhra Pradesh

      Dr. Zakir Hussain

      13. Mr.Pandurang Vaman Kane (1880–1972)- Ideologist and Sanskrit scholar   belonging to Maharashtra


      Recipient of 1964 &1965: 


       Recipient of 1966 (1):

      14. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904–1966)--The Second Prime Minister of India a Freedom Fighter belonging to Uttar Pradesh- Awarded Posthumously

      Lal Bahadur Shastri

      Recipients From 1967 To 1970: 


      Recipient of 1971 (1):

      15.Mrs. Indira Gandhi –(1917–1984)- Former and the first and the only Lady Prime Minister of India/Daughter of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, belonging to Uttar Pradesh

      Indira Gandhi

      Recipients From 1972 To 1974: 


      Recipient of 1975 (1):

      16.Mr.V. V. Giri (1894–1980)- Former President- Trade Unionist belonging to Orissa


      Recipient of 1976 (1):

      17.Mr.K. Kamaraj (1903–1975)--A Freedom Fighter-Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu belonging to Tamil Nadu-Awarded Posthumously 


      Recipient From 1977 To 1979:None 

       The ‘Bharat  Ratna” award  had been  kept suspended by the Government of  India,from  13th July 1977 to 26th January 1980.

      Recipient of 1980 (1):

      18 .Mother Teresa (1910–1997)- A Nobel Laureate (For Peace, 1979) A foreigner belonging to the Republic of Macedonia-  dedicated to the Sick people of India especially for those who were affected by Leprosy

      Mother Teresa

      Recipient of 1981&1982: 


      Recipient of 1983 (1):

      19.Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1895–1982)-- A Social  Reformer and a Freedom Fighter belonging to Maharashtra-Awarded Posthumously

      Vinoba Bhave

      Recipient From 1984 To 1986:- None

      Recipient of 1987 (1):

      20.Mr.Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, known as "Frontier Gandhi", (1890–1988)-
      The first non-citizen awarded Bharata Ratna- A Freedom Fighter belonging to Pakistan

      Frontier Gandhi Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

      Recipient of 1988 (1):

      21.Mr. M. G. Ramachandran (1917–1987)- -Former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu- Popular Cinema Actor belonging to Tamil Nadu- Awarded Posthumously 

      Puratchi Thalaivar M.G.R.

      Recipient of 1989:


      Recipients of 1990 (2):

      22.Dr.B. R. Ambedkar (1891–1956)- An Architect who  played a key role in the formation of the Indian Constitution, a Social Reformer, Economist and Scholar belonging to Maharashtra-
      Awarded Posthumously-


      23. Dr.Nelson Mandela-Born in 1918-The Second non-citizen and the first non-Indian awarded Bharat  Ratna- A Leader of Anti-Apartheid movement belonging to South Africa

      Nelson Mandela

      Recipients of 1991 (3):

      24.Mr.Rajiv Gandhi (1944–1991)- - Former Prime Minister of India/Son of Mrs.Indira Gandhi/Grand-son of  Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru- belonging to New Delhi -Awarded Posthumously

      Rajiv Gandhi

      25.Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1875–1950)- An Indian  Freedom  Fighter and the First Home Minister of India belonging to Gujarat-Awarded Posthumously-

      Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

      26. Mr.Morarji Desai (1896–1995)- A Former Prime Minister of India  and an Indian  Freedom Fighter belonging to Gujarat. He was the First Ever Non-Congress Prime Minister of India.

      Morarji Desai

      Recipients of 1992 (3):

      27. Mr. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1888–1958) – AFreedom Fighter and the First Education Minister of India belonging to WestBengal-Awarded Posthumously

      Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad

      28. Mr.J. R. D. Tata (1904–1993)- An Industrialist and a philanthropist  belonging to Maharashtra


      29.Mr.Satyajit Ray (1922–1992)- A popular Bengali -Film Director-An Oscar Award-winner belonging to West Bengal

      Satyajit Ray

      Recipient From 1993 To 1996: 


      Recipients of 1997 (3):

      30. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam- Born in 1931- A Former President of India- Atomic Scientist belonging to Tamil Nadu

      A.P.J.Abdul Kalam

      31.Mr.Gulzarilal Nanda (1898–1998)-An Indian  Freedom Fighter and a former(Acting) Prime Minister of India belonging to Punjab

      Gulzarilal Nanda

      32. Ms,.Aruna Asaf Ali (1908–1996) An Indian  Freedom Fighter belonging to West Bengal-Awarded Posthumously
      Aruna Asaf Ali

      Recipients of 1998 (2):

      33 .Mrs.M. S. Subbulakshmi (1916–2004)- A Carnatic music vocalist  belonging to Tamil Nadu

      34.Mr.Chidambaram Subramaniam/C.S. (1910–2000)- An Indian  Freedom Fighter and former Indian Union Minister of Agriculture - belonging  to Tamil Nadu


      35. Mr.Jayaprakash Narayan (1902–1979)- A Freedom -Fighter and a Social Reformer belonging to Bihar- Awarded Posthumously

      Jayaprakash Narayan

      Recipients of 1999 (3):

      36 .Pandit Ravi Shankar (1920-2012) -A Classical-Sitarist  belonging to Uttar Pradesh.

      Pandit Ravi Shankar

      37. Dr.Amartya Sen- Born in 1933- An Indian Economist  and a Nobel Laureate ( For Economics, 1998),-belonging to West Bengal

      Dr.Amartya Sen

      38.  Mr.Gopinath Bordoloi (1890–1950)-- An Indian freedom  fighter belonging to Assam- Awarded Posthumously

      Gopinath Bordoloi

      Recipient of 2000:


      Recipients of 2001 (2):

      39. Ms.Lata Mangeshkar- Born in 1929- A Hindi -Cinema-Play back Singer belonging  to Maharashtra

      Lata Mangeshkar

      40. Ustad Bismillah Khan (1916-2006)- A Classical Shehnai- Maestro belonging to Bihar

      Ustad Bismillah Khan

      Recipient From 2002 To 2007:


      Recipient of 2008 (1):

      41. Pandit Bhimsen Gururaj Joshi (1922-2011)  A Hindustani classical vocalist belonging to Karnataka.


      Recipients From 2009 To 2012: 


      For the Year 2013: 

      42. Sachin Tendulkar- (born in the year 1973)-Cricketer/Sports Person-for his achievements unreachable/and records unbreakable in the field of cricket, bringing glory to India

      43. Dr.C.N.R.Rao- Indian Chemist- the man behind India's maiden 'Mars'-Mission 


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