Interesting Facts about India
- India never invaded any country in her last 100000 years of history.
many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000 years ago,
Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus Valley Civilization)
- The name 'India' is derived from the River Indus, the valleys around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.
- The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name 'Hindustan' combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of the Hindus.
- Chess was invented in India.
- The 'Place Value System' and the 'Decimal System' were developed in India in 100 B.C.
- The World's First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from a single
80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple was built in just
five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja
- India is the largest democracy in the world, the 7th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.
- The game of Snakes & Ladders
was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally
called 'Mokshapat'. The ladders in the game represented virtues and the
snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and
dices. In time, the game underwent several modifications, but its
meaning remained the same, i.e. good deeds take people to heaven and
evil to a cycle of re-births.
- The world's highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.
- India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
- The largest employer in India is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.
- The world's first university was established in Takshila in 700 BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than 60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
- Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
was one of the richest countries till the time of British rule in the
early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by India's wealth,
had come looking for a sea route to India when he discovered America by
- The Art of Navigation & Navigating
was born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very word
Navigation is derived from the Sanskrit word 'NAVGATIH'. The word navy
is also derived from the Sanskrit word 'Nou'.
rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the Sun
hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. According to his
calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the Sun was
- The value of "pi"
was first calculated by the Indian Mathematician Budhayana, and he
explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem. He
discovered this in the 6th century, long before the European
- Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also originated in India.
Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.
The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas
Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with
specific names as early as 5000 B.C.during the Vedic period.Even today,
the largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).
- The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world.
It is located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in
the Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August
- Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery.
Over2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated
surgeries like cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures,
urinary stones, plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
- Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine. Detailed
knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism,physiology,
etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian
- India exports software to 90 countries.
- The four religions born in India - Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world's population.
- Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
- Islam is India's and the world's second largest religion.
- There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country, including the Muslim world.
- The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively.
- Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively.
- The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat, a Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the end of the 11th century.
- The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi
built in the 10th century, is the world's largest religious pilgrimage
destination. Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000
visitors donate $6 million (US) to the temple everyday.
- Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577.
- Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called "the Ancient City" when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest, continuously inhabited city in the world today.
provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally from Sri
Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped to flee
religious and political persecution.
- Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
- Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years.
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